Time Difference: EST + 8 hours Current Time and Date in Mauritius
Currency: Currency Converter -Mauritian rupee (MUR)
Travel Advisory: State Department Report Mauritius
US Embassy in Mauritius: mauritius.usembassy.gov
Mauritius is an island nation in the Indian Ocean about 1,200 mi off the southeast coast of the African continent. The country includes the islands of Mauritius, Rodrigues, 350 mi east of the principal island, the islands of Agaléga and Saint Brandon. The islands of Mauritius, Rodrigues and the French department of Réunion 110 mi form part of the Mascarene Islands. Its capital is Port Louis.
The first Portuguese explorers found no indigenous people living on the island in 1507. The Dutch settled on the island in 1598 and abandoned it in 1710, Mauritius became a French colony in 1715 and was renamed Isle de France. The British took control of Mauritius in 1810 during the Napoleonic Wars. The country became an independent state as a Commonwealth realm on 12 March 1968 and a republic within the Commonwealth on 12 March 1992. The island of Mauritius was the only home of the Dodo bird. The bird became extinct fewer than eighty years after its discovery.
- Proof of Immunization (Yellow Fever)
Health: CDC Mauritius
Embassy of the Republic of Mauritius
Mauritius Embassies in Foreign Countries
Address list of Mauritius Diplomatic Missions abroad.
Foreign Embassies in Mauritius
Address list of Foreign Embassies accredited in Mauritius.
Weather: Mauritius Weather
Communications: Dial 011 followed by country code 230
Warm Season: December– April; Average high temperature above 86°F and average low of 74°F)
Cold Season: June- September; Average high of 77°F and average low of 66°F)
Language: French is the official language; English is widely spoken
UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE SITE
In the district of Port Louis, lies the 1,640 m2 site where the modern indentured labour diaspora began. In 1834, the British Government selected the island of Mauritius to be the first site for what it called ‘the great experiment’ in the use of ‘free’ labour to replace slaves. Between 1834 and 1920, almost half a million indentured labourers arrived from India at Aapravasi Ghat to work in the sugar plantations of Mauritius, or to be transferred to Reunion Island, Australia, southern and eastern Africa or the Caribbean. The buildings of Aapravasi Ghat are among the earliest explicit manifestations of what was to become a global economic system and one of the greatest migrations in history.
Le Morne Cultural Landscape
Le Morne Cultural Landscape, a rugged mountain that juts into the Indian Ocean in the southwest of Mauritius was used as a shelter by runaway slaves, maroons, through the 18th and early years of the 19th centuries. Protected by the mountain’s isolated, wooded and almost inaccessible cliffs, the escaped slaves formed small settlements in the caves and on the summit of Le Morne. The oral traditions associated with the maroons, have made Le Morne a symbol of the slaves’ fight for freedom, their suffering, and their sacrifice, all of which have relevance to the countries from which the slaves came – the African mainland, Madagascar, India, and South-east Asia. Indeed, Mauritius, an important stopover in the eastern slave trade, also came to be known as the “Maroon republic” because of the large number of escaped slaves who lived on Le Morne Mountain.